Capital                                                  :Bhubhaneshwar
Date of formation                              :15/08/2019
Governor                                               :Ganeshi Lal

Chief Minister                                      :Naveen Patnaik
Tourist attractions                             :Sun Temple, Konark, Puri, Taptapani
Festivals                                               :Rathyatra, Dol Jatra, Patua Jatra, Chandak Puja
Major dance and music forms       :Oddissi, Chitrapada, Dhrubapada, Panchal
Arts and crafts                                     :Pattachitras or palm-leaf ganjifa cards; intricate combs made using bamboo, lacand fabric; Sambalpuri double ikat.
Languages                                             :Oriya
Size                                                         :155,707 sq. km
Population (Census 2011)                : 45,989,232
Rivers                                                    :Mahanadi, Baitarni, Brahmani, Tel, Pushkulyam Sabah
Forests and wildlife sanctuaries          :Chilka Lake Sanctuary, Simlipal NP, Bhitarkanika WS
State animal                                       :Sambhar
State bird                                             :Blue jay
State flower                                        : Ashoka
State tree                                             :Ashwatha or peepal
Major crops                                         :Paddy, wheat, ragi, maize
Factoids                                                :The 33 sandstone caves on the Udaygiri and Khandagiri hills in Bhubaneshwar were probably carved under King Kharavela.Orissa has 62 tribes including the Santhals, Savaras, Juangs, Gonds, Bondas etc.
No. of District                                       :30

Odisha State Animal : Sambar Deer

The appearance and the size of sambar vary widely across their range, which has led to considerable taxonomic confusion in the past. In general, they attain a height of 102 to 160 cm at the shoulder and may weigh as much as 546 kg, though more typically 100 to 350 kg. Head and body length varies from 1.62 to 2.7 m, with a 22 to 35 cm tail. Individuals belonging to western subspecies tend to be larger than those from the east, and females are smaller than males.

The large, rugged antlers are typically rusine, the brow tines being simple and the beams forked at the tip, so they have only three tines. The antlers are typically up to 110 cm long in fully adult individuals. As with most deer, only the males have antlers.

 The shaggy coat can be from yellowish brown to dark grey in colour, and while it is usually uniform in colour, some subspecies have chestnut marks on the rump and underparts. Sambar also have a small but dense mane, which tends to be more prominent in males. The tail is relatively long for deer, and is generally black above with a whitish underside.

Adult males and pregnant or lactating females possess an unusual hairless, blood-red spot located about halfway down the underside of their throats. This sometimes oozes a white liquid, and is apparently glandular in nature.

 

State Bird of Odisha (Indian roller) 

State Bird of Odisha (Indian roller) – complete detail – updated. Description of State Bird of Odisha. Name of State Bird of Odisha is Indian roller. Habit and habitat of Indian roller. They generally found in cultivation, thin forest and grassland. Local name of Indian roller is Neelkanth (meaning “blue throat”), a name associated with the deity Shiva (who drank poison resulting in the blue throat).


Size of Indian roller is between 25 cm to 35 cm including the tail. The Weight of adult is between 70 g. to 100 g. Indian Roller is a omnivorous bird. The throat and upper breast are purple in color. Local name of Indian roller is Neelkanth. The neck and throat look like purplish lilac with white shaft streaks. The bare patch around the eye is ochre in color. They have strong black bills.


Age of sexual maturity is 11 – 15 months. The Nesting and breeding season ranges between February to May. They build their nest at a height between 3 to to 9 meters. They use sticks, barks, leaves, roots, twigs and grass to make a cup shaped nest. A group of Indian rollers including one female would gather on top of a tree. The male strengthens their bond by providing food to the female. By this manner, the female tests the male’s ability to get food for their future family. The male also brings special twigs and other things to build the nest.

State Flower of Odisha: Ashoka

The ashoka is a rain-forest tree. Its original distribution was in the central areas of the Deccan plateau, as well as the middle section of the Western Ghats in the western coastal zone of the Indian subcontinent.

The ashoka is prized for its beautiful foliage and fragrant flowers. It is a handsome, small, erect evergreen tree, with deep green leaves growing in dense clusters.

Its flowering season is around February to April. The ashoka flowers come in heavy, lush bunches. They are bright orange-yellow in color, turning red before wilting.

As a wild tree, the ashoka is a vulnerable species. It is becoming rarer in its natural habitat, but isolated wild ashoka trees are still to be found in the foothills of the central and eastern Himalayas, in scattered locations of the northern plains of India as well as on the west coast of the subcontinent near Mumbai.[citation needed]

There are a few varieties of the ashoka tree. One variety is larger and highly spreading. The columnar varieties are common in cultivation.

 

State Tree of Odisha: Peepal

This peepal tree (Ficus Religiosa) is also known for its medicinal values, besides releasing lung-cleansing oxygen into the atmosphere. Under the peepal is also where Buddha is said to have got enlightenment.

This tree is home to crows, mynahs and bats hanging upside down in peaceful slumber. Our morning activities take place under Pachai Nayagi with the musical “Swara Raga Sudha” of the chirping birds in the background.

According to the science of Ayurveda, every part of the Peepal tree - the leaf, bark, shoot, seeds and fruit has several medicinal benefits.

Peepal tree leaves contain glucose, asteriod and mennos, phenolic, while its bark is rich in vitamin K, tanins and phaetosteroline.

Also known as the sacred fig tree, Peepal is a storehouse of medicinal value and is used to treat many ailments and diseases, ranging from asthma and skin diseases, to kidney and various blood-related problems.

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